Proporzione Divina features analysis of architectural and industrial design, by Bevin Chu, an architect and writer.
Proporzione Divina is Italian for “Divine Proportion.” The Divine Proportion is also known as the golden ratio, the golden section (Latin: sectio aurea), golden mean, golden number, divine section (Latin: sectio divina), or golden proportion, and is represented by the Greek letter phi (φ).
The Golden Section
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In mathematics and the arts, two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio between the sum of those quantities and the larger one is the same as the ratio between the larger one and the smaller. The golden ratio is approximately 1.6180339887.
φ = (square root of 5 – 1)/2 = approximately 1.6
The Golden Rectangle
Many artists and architects have proportioned their works to approximate the golden ratio—especially in the form of the golden rectangle, in which the ratio of the longer side to the shorter is the golden ratio—believing this proportion to be aesthetically pleasing.
The Fibonacci Series
The irrational numbers of the golden section closely correspond to the whole numbers of the Fibonacci series, in which each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers.
The numbers of the Fibonacci series are:
0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987 … ad infinitum
This makes the Fibonacci series highly useful for architects and designers who wish to make their buildings and designs approximate the golden section, but must as a practical matter use whole number units.
The Golden Rectangle shows up in the most unexpected places.
For example, it shows up in the 16:10 aspect ratio of the newest, most advanced LCD monitors, which provide more comfortable viewing than older, now obsolescent LCD monitors with 4:3 aspect ratios.
The newer 16:10 aspect ratio is more ergonomic because it more closely matches the human being’s natural field of view, formed by the two overlapping fields of view of two side by side human eyes.
Vesica Piscis: Latin for “bladder of the fish,” two circles of the same radius whose centers lie on each others’ circumference, aspect ratio of 3:2 corresponds to the fifth and fourth numbers in the Fibonacci series
The older 4:3 aspect ratio, by contrast, is noticeably less ergonomic because it chops off the left and right margins of that natural field of view.